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Islam in Southeast Asia: Countries

Muslim Southeast Asia refers to those areas of Southeast Asia that have significant populations of Muslims.

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General Information

►Information based on The World Factbook - CIA

Brunei

[noun: Bruneian(s) * adjective: Bruneian]
  • * Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
  • * Population: 422,675 (July 2014 est.)
  • * Religions: Muslim (official) 78.8%, Christian 8.7%, Buddhist 7.8%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 4.7% (2011 est.)
  • * Languages: Malay (official), English, Chinese.

[Brunei : History, Islam, Society and Contemporary Issues. London : Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group, 2016.]


Cambodia

[noun: Cambodian(s) * adjective: Cambodian]

  • * Capital: Phnom Penh
  • * Population: 15,458,332 (July 2014 est.)
  • * Muslim population: 240,000 (2010)
  • * Religions: Buddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8% (2008 est.)
  • * Languages: Khmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7% (2008 est.)
  • * Ethnic groups: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%

East Timor [Timor-Leste; officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste]

[noun: Timorese * adjective: Timorese]

  • *Capital: Dili
  • *Population: 1,201,542 note: other estimates range as low as 800,000 (July 2014 est.)
  • *Muslim population: 1,000 (2010)
  • *Religions: Roman Catholic 98%, Muslim 1%, Protestant 1% (2005)
  • *Languages: Tetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonesian, English note: there are about 16 indigenous languages; Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak are spoken by a significant portion of the population
  • *Ethnic groups: (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority

Indonesia

[noun: Indonesian(s) * adjective: Indonesian]

  • *Capital: Jakarta
  • *Population: 253,609,643 (July 2014 est.)
  • *Muslim population: 204,847,00
  • *Religions: Muslim 87.2%, Christian 7%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Hindu 1.7%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist and Confucian), unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)
  • *Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official, modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, local dialects (of which the most widely spoken is Javanese) +note: more than 700 languages are used in Indonesia
  • *Ethnic groups: Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.)

Laos

[noun: Lao(s) or Laotian(s) * adjective: Lao or Laotian]

  • *Capital: Vientiane (Viangchan)
  • *Population: 6,803,699 (July 2014 est.)
  • *Muslim population: 1,000 (2010)
  • *Religions: Buddhist 67%, Christian 1.5%, other and unspecified 31.5% (2005 census)
  • *Languages: Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages
  • *Ethnic groups: Lao 55%, Khmou 11%, Hmong 8%, other (over 100 minor ethnic groups) 26% (2005 census)

Malaysia

[noun: Malaysian(s) * adjective: Malaysian]

  • *Capital: Kuala Lumpur
  • *Population: 28,728,607 (July 2011 est.)
  • *Muslim population: 17,139,000 (2010)
  • *Religions: Muslim (official) 61.3%, Buddhist 19.8%, Christian 9.2%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 1.3%, other 0.4%, none 0.8%, unspecified 1% (2010 est.)
  • *Languages: Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai. note: in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan
  • *Ethnic groups: Malay 50.1%, Chinese 22.6%, indigenous 11.8%, Indian 6.7%, other 0.7%, non-citizens 8.2% (2010 est.)

Myanmar [Burma]

[noun: Burmese (singular and plural) * adjective: Burmese]

  • *Capital: Rangoon (Yangon)
  • *Population: 55,746,253 (July 2014 est.)
  • *Muslim population: 1,900,000 (2010)
  • *Religions: Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, animist 1%, other 2%
  • *Languages: Burmese (official). note: minority ethnic groups have their own languages
  • *Ethnic groups: Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%

 


Philippines

[noun: Filipino(s) * adjective: Philippine]

  • *Capital: Manila
  • *Population: 107,668,231 (July 2014 est.)
  • *Muslim population: 4,737,000 (2010)
  • *Religions: Catholic Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)
  • *Languages: Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) and English (official); eight major dialects – Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinan
  • *Ethnic groups: Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)

Singapore

[noun: Singaporean(s) * adjective: Singapore]

  • *Capital: Singapore
  • *Population: 5,567,301 (July 2014 est.)
  • *Muslim population: 721,000 (2010)
  • *Religions: Buddhist 33.9%, Muslim 14.3%, Taoist 11.3%, Catholic 7.1%, Hindu 5.2%, other Christian 11%, other 0.7%, none 16.4% (2010 est.)
  • *Languages: Mandarin (official) 36.3%, English (official) 29.8%, Malay (official) 11.9%, Hokkien 8.1%, Tamil (official) 4.4%, Cantonese 4.1%, Teochew 3.2%, other Indian languages 1.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.1%, other 1.1% (2010 est.)
  • *Ethnic groups: Chinese 74.2%, Malay 13.3%, Indian 9.2%, other 3.3% (2013 est.)

Thailand

[noun: Thai (singular and plural) * adjective: Thai]

  • *Capital: Bangkok
  • *Population: 67,741,401 (July 2014 est.)
  • *Muslim population: 3,952,000 (2010)
  • *Religions: Buddhist (official) 93.6%, Muslim 4.9%, Christian 1.2%, other 0.2%, none 0.1% (2010 est.)
  • *Languages: Thai (official) 90.7%, Burmese 1.3%, other 8% +note: English is a secondary language of the elite (2010 est.)
  • *Ethnic groups: Thai 95.9%, Burmese 2%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.9% (2010 est.)

Viet Nam

[noun: Vietnamese (singular and plural) * adjective: Vietnamese]

  • *Capital: Hanoi (Ha Noi)
  • *Population: 93,421,835 (July 2014 est.)
  • *Muslim population: 160,000 (2010)
  • *Religions: Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census).
  • *Languages: Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
  • *Ethnic groups: Kinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, others 5.3% (2009 census)