How to cite content in eCommons

Tips for citing content in eCommons:

  • Use the citation format appropriate to the type of content, discipline, and publisher.
  • Use the PERMANENT LINK on the item's landing page, rather than the URL displayed in your browser. A handle (formatted as is always available and is a permanent link.
  • For some items, a DOI (format: is also available and is an alternate permanent link. You can use crossref's DOI citation formatter to create a citation in a wide range of formats.
  • Do not link directly to individual files; these are not persistent URLs.

More information on citation management and tools.