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Fake News, Propaganda, and Bad Information: Learning to Critically Evaluate Media Sources.

"Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not his own facts." --Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Newsweek, 25 August 1986, p. 27.

Future Fake News Workshops

We are working on an online version of the Fake News workshop. Check this page regularly for information; stay tuned for information on future workshops.

What is Fake News?

Fake news is not news you disagree with.

"Fake news" is "fabricated information that mimics news media content in form but not in organizational process or intent. Fake-news outlets, in turn, lack the news media's editorial norms and processes for ensuring the accuracy and credibility of information. Fake news overlaps with other information disorders, such as misinformation (false or misleading information) and disinformation (false information that is purposely spread to deceive people)." [David M. J. Lazer, et al., "The Science of Fake News," Science 09 Mar 2018: Vol. 359, Issue 6380, pp. 1094-1096.].

What You Can Do about Fake News

  • Learn to recognize fake news sites. Be curious and actively investigate news stories.
  • Use news sources that are accountable for their content and that follow journalistic ethics and standards.
  • Use care before sharing news content with others on social media. Pause and reflect on news sources that arouse strong emotions, positive or negative.
  • Learn to recognize your own biases and compensate for them.

Using or Adapting This Guide

If you wish to use or adapt any or all of the content of this Guide, go to our Research Guides Use Conditions page to review our use permissions and our Creative Commons license.

For more information, contact Michael Engle, moe1 at cornell.edu.

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