Outsiders: Memories of Migration to and from North Korea by
Publication Date: 2022 (New York : Berghahn)
"Between 1959 and 1984, some 87,000 Koreans and 6,750 Japanese migrated to North Korea from Japan as part of a “repatriation project” organized by the governments of North Korea and Japan, with the oversight of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). The most telling misnomer with regard to the events discussed in this book is that the mass exodus of Koreans and Japanese to North Korea was a repatriation at all..... The reality, as shown in chapters 1 and 2, is that the people who migrated to North Korea, the vast majority of whom were originally from southern areas of the Korean Peninsula, went as a response to untenable social and economic conditions in Japan."