Indonesia and Malaya: The Great Muslim Empires

De Graaf, H. J. (2002). Indonesia and Malaya: The Great Muslim Empires [map]. 1: 16,100,000.  In Hugh Kennedy (ed.), An Historical Atlas of Islam. (2nd, revised ed.) Leiden: Brill, 2002 (p. 66).
 

Indonesia and Malaya: The Coming of Islam and the First Muslim Empires

De Graaf, H. J. (2002). Indonesia and Malaya: The Coming of Islam and the First Muslim Empires [map]. 16,100,000. In Hugh Kennedy (ed.), An Historical Atlas of Islam. (2nd, revised ed.) Leiden: Brill, 2002 (p. 65).

 

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Recommended Readings

The History of Chinese Muslims’ Migration into Malaysia / by Ma Hailong [School of Ethnology and Anthropology, Qinghai Nationalities University, Dirasat 27 Dhul Hijjah, 1438 - September 2017 King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies] The purpose of this paper is to examine the history of the Chinese Muslims who moved to Malaysia and explain the different factors that have influenced this migration at different historical stages. I separate this history mainly into two parts, namely, before the twentieth century and from the twentieth century onward. Before the twentieth century, the majority of Chinese Muslims who streamed into Malaysia were Chinese immigrants who became Chinese Muslims by converting to Islam. From the twentieth century onward, however, the majority of Chinese Muslims who came to Malaysia were Muslim Hui from China, who believed in Islam and spoke Chinese, and who constituted an ethno-religious minority group.