APA Citations

The American Psychological Association (APA) style guide is commonly used in business writing. The tools listed below provide examples on how to cite common sources like newspaper articles, journal articles, and books.

Cite twice! Once in the text of your writing and another in a list of references at the end of your work.

In text citation example:

Llamas affinity for peppermint lollipops as opposed to cinnamon is well documented (Perkins & Fowler, 1985).


According to Perkins and Fowler (1985), llamas prefer peppermint lollipops over cinnamon at a rate of 5 to 1.  

Reference list example:

Perkins, Ml & Fowler, J. (1985). Sweet Teeth: Llamas Confectionery Preferences and Implications for Veterinary Dental Practices. Camelidae Quarterly, 43(2), 19-27.  http://www.wildkingdom.com/newseries 

Sources for Additional Examples:

Referencing Sources in APA Style: A Basic Introduction
A video produced by Memorial University.

Purdue University OWL: APA Formatting Guide
An APA Citation Guide that reflects the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. It offers examples for the general format of research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page. Includes examples of citations for everything from news articles to tweets and personal interviews.

APA Style Blog
The American Psychological Association's in-depth guide to using the APA citation style.

MLA Citations

The Modern Language Association (MLA) style guide is sometimes also used in business writing. The link below provides in-depth guidance in citing a wide variety of sources.

Purdue University OWL: MLA Formatting and Style Guide
MLA citation style refers to the rules and conventions established by the Modern Language Association for documenting sources used in a research paper.




ZoteroBib is a free service that helps you build a bibliography or create citations instantly from any computer or device, without creating an account or installing any software.

Citation software can make mistakes! Be sure to check your citations using the style guides to the right.

Deciphering Citations

This section provides you with information that you will typically need in order to cite books, journal articles and websites and some tips to help you decipher citations so that you can figure out the type of information source being cited. 

Levitt Steven D. and Stephen J. Dubner. Freakonomics: a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything. New York : William Morrow, 2005.

Title: Freakonomics: a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything
Author(s): Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner
Place of publication: New York
Publisher: William Morrow
Copyright/Publication date: 2005
Clues that this is a book:
  • Contains only one title: Freakonomics: a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything
  • Includes a place of publication: New York
  • Includes the name of a publishing company: William Morrow
  • Might or might not include page numbers.
To find a specific book, you can search the Library Catalog by author or title.
Journal Article (online)
Household Horror: Domestic Masculinity in Poe's 'The Black Cat' By: Bliss, Ann V.; Explicator, 2009 Winter; 67 (2): 96-99. 
Article title:Horror: Domestic Masculinity in Poe's 'The Black Cat'
Author(s): Bliss, Ann V.
Journal title: ExplicatorJournal
Volume and Issue: Volume 67 Issue 2
Page numbers for the article: 96-99
Where you found the full-text of the article: MLA Bibliography 
Database platform: EBSCO Host
Database provider: (The library or other group which provided access to the database) Cornell University Library
Web address of the database: http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/
Clues that this is an online article:
  • Includes the elements of an article citation, such as two titles, volume/issue numbers, and page numbers
  • Includes the name of the article database in which the article was found: MLA Bibliography
  • Contains a URL to the article database in which the article was found: http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/
  • Includes a date of access
You can search the Library Catalog or the E-Journals List for the title of the journal, newspaper, or magazine to see if we have access to the publication here at the library.
Web Page
All of the elements provided in this example might not be available for every Web page that you need to cite.
WANGOhttp://www.wango.org/2017. Accessed October 9, 2017.
Author: no author listed
Title of web page: WANGO
Web address: http://www.wango.org/
Web site host or publisher: wango.org
Date of copyright or date page was updated 2017
Date you accessed the page October 9, 2017
Clues that this is a web page:
  • Often does not have individual authors
  • Includes a URL to the site.
  • Does not include the name of a library or library database
  • Includes a date of access