China publishes statistical yearbooks on many subjects. Kroch Library has many of these in print: high technology, real estate, trade & external economics, trade unions, and more. To discover the library's holdings, try a subject search in the library catalog https://newcatalog.library.cornell.edu/ using "statistics" in the search.
Statistics on many topics are available on China Data Online database and the web site of National Bureau of Statistics.
Provinces: Statistical yearbooks are in HA 4637 section of the stacks (Anhui, Fujian, Guangxi, Heilongjiang, Hunan, Inner Mongolia [Nei Menggu], Jiangsu, Jilin, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang). All are also available also through China Data Onlne.
Cities: The latest editions of the statistical yearbooks for Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin are in Reference, Kroch Asia reading room. Earlier editions of these, and yearbooks for other cities (Chongqing, Nanjing, Pudong New Area), are in the HA 4638 section of the stacks. All are also available through China Data Online.