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Exhibition: Islam in Asia: Diversity in Past and Present: Muslim Populations

An Exhibition organized by The Division of Asia Collections at Kroch Library, November, 2016 - April, 2017

Mapping the Global Muslim Population

There are an estimated 1.57 billion Muslims – nearly a quarter of the world’s total population.

While Muslims are found on all five inhabited continents, more than 60% of the global Muslim population is in Asia and about 20% in the Middle East and North Africa. However, the Middle East-North Africa region has the highest percentage of Muslim-majority countries, more than half of which are 95% Muslim or greater.

More than 300 million Muslims, or one-fifth of the world's Muslim population, live in countries where Islam is not the majority religion. These minority Muslim populations are often quite large. India, for example, has the third-largest population of Muslims worldwide. China has more Muslims than Syria, while Russia is home to more Muslims than Jordan and Libya combined.

Of the total Muslim population, 10 to 13% are Shia and 87 to 90% are Sunni. Most Shias live in Iran, Pakistan, India and Iraq.

Mapping the World Muslim Population

Cornell University Library Map Collection. World Muslim Population (2010) [map]. 2016.  1: 130,026,777; generated by Martin Ziech; using ArcView GIS 10.4.1 [GIS software].  Redlands, CA: Environmental Systems Research Institute, 1992-2016.
 

Muslim Population in Asia as Percent of the Total (2010)

Cornell University Library Map Collection. Muslim Population in Asia as Percent of the Total (2010) [map]. 2016. 1: 65,434,633; generated by Martin Ziech, Boris Michev; using ArcView GIS 10.4.1 [GIS software]. Redlands, CA: Environmental Systems Research Institute, 1992-2016.

Regional Distribution of Muslims: Population by Region as of 2010

Cornell University Library Map Collection. Regional Distribution of Muslims: Population by Region as of 2010 [map]. 2016. 1: 139,774,970; generated by Boris Michev; using ArcView GIS 10.4.1 [GIS software]. Redlands, CA: Environmental Systems Research Institute, 1992-2016. Based on Pew Research Center. The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010.  Washington, D.C.: Pew research Center, 2012, p. 21