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Evaluating News Sources

"Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not his own facts." --Daniel Patrick Moynihan. Newsweek, 25 August 1986, p. 27.

Beyond Fake News: Other Kinds of Bad Information

Tags used by Melissa Zimdar's Open Sources project that classifies websites for credibility.

Fake News (tag fake) Sources that entirely fabricate information, disseminate deceptive content, or grossly distort actual news reports

Satire (tag satire) Sources that use humor, irony, exaggeration, ridicule, and false information to comment on current events.

Extreme Bias (tag bias) Sources that come from a particular point of view and may rely on propaganda, decontextualized information, and opinions distorted as facts.

Conspiracy Theory (tag conspiracy): Sources that are well-known promoters of kooky conspiracy theories.

Rumor Mill (tag rumor) Sources that traffic in rumors, gossip, innuendo, and unverified claims.

State News (tag state) Sources in repressive states operating under government sanction.

Junk Science (tag junksci) Sources that promote pseudoscience, metaphysics, naturalistic fallacies, and other scientifically dubious claims.

Hate News (tag hate) Sources that actively promote racism, misogyny, homophobia, and other forms of discrimination.

Clickbait (tag clickbait) Sources that provide generally credible content, but use exaggerated, misleading, or questionable headlines, social media descriptions, and/or images.

Proceed With Caution (tag unreliable) Sources that may be reliable but whose contents require further verification.

Political (tag political) Sources that provide generally verifiable information in support of certain points of view or political orientations.

Credible (tag reliable) Sources that circulate news and information in a manner consistent with traditional and ethical practices in journalism (Remember: even credible sources sometimes rely on clickbait-style headlines or occasionally make mistakes. No news organization is perfect, which is why a healthy news diet consists of multiple sources of information).