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Medieval Studies: A guide to library research at Cornell: Published Primary Sources

Primary Sources in English Translation

For a selection of the writings of the Church Fathers in English full-text online, see The Catholic Encyclopedia online's new Fathers section or Early Church Fathers

Translated texts for Historians
Classical and Medieval primary sources in translation.

CELT, the Corpus of Electronic Texts
Online corpus of multilingual texts of Irish literature and history and the arts. Includes Old, Middle, Classical and Early Modern Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Latin, English and German, French, and English translations of Irish texts. It is Ireland's longest running Humanities Computing/Digital Humanities project.

Internet Medieval Sourcebook (through ORB) provides a selection of excerpts of sources translated into English full-text online arranged chronologically and geographically. Helpful for getting a sense of the types of medieval sources and for bibliography.

British History Online Some of the core printed primary and secondary sources for the medieval and modern history of the British Isles. Created by the Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust.

Primary Sources in Latin


Monumenta Germaniae historica (MGH). Sources in Latin 500-1500 A.D. from or about medieval Germany, the Franks, and areas of Germanic influence in medieval Europe.

  • Print volumes of the MGH newer series can be located by a title or keyward search in the Cornell online catalog.
  • Contents of each volume of the MGH original older series as well as an index by author and title/subject can be found in Indices eorvm qvae Monvmentorvm Germaniae historicorvm temis hvcvsqve editis continentvr. Scripservnt O. Holder-Egger et K. Zevmer. Hannoverae, Impensis bibliopolii Hahniani; [etc., etc.] 1890. (Olin Room 404 +DD3.M81 Z5).
  • For a comprehensive online catalog of the all the print volumes, try:
  • For a good overview of this complex series, try Guide to the Sources of Medieval History (Olin Reference Z6517 .C12) beginning at page 220.

Digital Monumenta Germaniae Historica Great as a clear understandable index to all the volumes and series. Complete, full text online in the form of one page at a time, but the complete set is not searchable full text.

Monumenta Germaniae Historica online (eMGH) Incomplete. Selected texts from the five divisions of Monumenta Germaniae Historica (Scriptores, Leges, Diplomata, Epistolae, Antiquitates). As of fall 2007 only includes 800 texts.


Electronic Beowulf

The fourth edition of Electronic Beowulf 4.0 is a free, online version that supersedes all previous editions. The online edition is designed to meet the needs of general readers, who require a full, line by line, translation; of students, who want to understand the grammar and the meter and still have time in a semester to study and appreciate other important aspects of the poem; and of scholars, who want immediate access to a critical apparatus identifying the nearly 2000 eighteenth-century restorations, editorial emendations, and manuscript-based conjectural restorations.

Guides to Sources