Credibility Checklist--a Good Example

Evaluating Sources: Questions to Ask & Strategies for Getting the Answers: an excellent guide from the UC Berkeley Library 

EXERCISE: For the reference you found, answer the questions on this evaluation checklist.

  • Authority: Can you identify the author or creator? What are the author's credentials (educational background, past writing, experience) in this area?
  • Currency: Is the source current or out of date for your topic? Can you even find a date of publication or last update?
  • Purpose: What is the purpose or motive for the publication/site? (e.g., educational, commercial, entertainment, promotional) Is it trying to sell you something?
  • Bias: would you say the information is fact, opinion, or propaganda? In other words, what's the bias? Is the author's point of view objective and impartial?
  • Accuracy of Details: Does the information appear to be valid and well-researched? Are sources listed in a bibliography or included in links to the documents themselves? Are the sources themselves authoritative?


When you search for information, you're going to find lots of it . . . but is it good information? You will have to determine that for yourself, and the CRAAP Test can help. The CRAAP Test is a list of questions to help you evaluate the information you find. Different criteria will be more or less important depending on your situation or need. More info here: 

Be Critical--Some Other Methods & Ideas

Analyze and evaluate your search results. Have you found the most authoritative, accurate, objective, up-to-date, scholarly information available on your research topic?