"Trans-Atlantic slave trade, known, since 1988 as the Maafa, 'a Kiswahili term for disaster, calamity or terrible occurrence' to describe the history of atrocities inflicted on African peoples and an invitation to people of African descent 'to honor our ancestors who have suffered through the middle passage AND the lives that continue to be compromised due to racism and oppression." Gaama G. Simms, "From the Black African Holocaust (Maafa) to the United Nations: Routes, Roots, and Fruits: Maroon Women's Journey to the 18th United Nations, Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) April 22nd-25th, 2019." Journal of International Women's Studies,  21(6), August 2020, p472-481.