Skip to Main Content

ASCE Citations

Writing Standards

Gender-Specific Words

Gendered nouns and pronouns should not be used in ASCE formatted documents. "Authors should avoid “he,” “she,” “his,” “her,” and “hers.” Alternatively, words such as “author,” “discusser,” “engineer,” and “researcher” should be used" (ASCE 2019).


"Use the past tense to report what happened in the past: what the authors did, what someone reported, what happened in an experiment, and so on. Use the present tense to express general truths, such as conclusions (drawn by the authors or by others) and facts not limited by time (including information about what the paper does or covers). Reserve the future tense for perspectives: what will be done in the coming months or years" (ASCE 2019).