CITE your sources!

Keep track of your research as you do it.

Try using Zotero or another citation management program.

Citing Images

When you're writing about an image or multimedia piece in a paper or presentation, you should provide the following pieces of information in the caption and in the bibliography...if you have a list of works of art cited:

  • creator(s)
  • title
  • year(s) of creation
  • materials or format
  • owner (such as a museum or private owner), if applicable
  • if from a digital source: date you found the work online
  • name of the Web site where you found it

If you're just referring to the piece in your paper, use

  • creator
  • title
  • year
  • materials or format

the first time you mention it, and just the creator and title thereafter.


In acknowledging the work of others, you demonstrate that you:

  • Comprehend others’ ideas
  • Respect other scholars, including peers
  • Prove the value of your own original ideas
  • Uphold the integrity of your own ideas as well as those of others

Cite Sources: MLA Citation Style

Cite sources accurately in order to use information ethically and responsibly

Managing Information

pointing handUse citation management/PDF organizing software to save time and energy when organizing and citing research materials. 

The library has compiled a list of citation management tools, including Zotero and ZoteroBib. For advice choosing a citation manager or managing information, contact us for a consultation!

Zotero logo​Zotero is a free, open sourced, web-based tool for managing citation, organizing PDF's and creating bibliographies. It is a downloadable software program designed for humanities and social sciences research. Developed at the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University, it is particularly suited for historical sources. 


ZoteroBib is a free, quick and easy online bibliography and citation maker that saves time and trouble. Add sources using the ZoteroBib search box. Then copy and paste the complete bibliography (or footnotes or in-text citations) into your paper in the citation style of your choice. (As great as ZoteroBib is, it isn't perfect. Check your citations carefully using citation style guides or ask a librarian for assistance.) 


Zoterobib search box screenshot

© Infringement vs. Plagiarism

Copyright is a legal matter. It applies primarily to the reproduction/exhibition/performance of original works (published or unpublished).

Plagiarism is an ethical matter. It applies to the uncredited use and representation of ideas (usually, but not necessarily published).

Instructions for citing sources

Detailed help using various citation styles is available on Duke University's Citing Sources site.

The latest edition of the Chicago Manual of Style has been purchased by the library.