Databases for Locating Journal Articles
Distinguishing between Reviews and Criticism
The simplest criterion for distinguishing book and film reviews from criticism is the time of publication of the review or critical article compared to the original publication date of the book or the release date of the film.
Book reviews are generally written around the time the book was originally published; literary criticism appears in later years. For example, reviews of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby that appeared in 1925 or 1926 (right after the novel was published) are book reviews, while literary criticism about the novel continues to be written today. The same general distinction applies to film reviews and film criticism.