A digital camera, whether it is a high-end DSLR (digital single lens reflex), palm-sized point & shoot, or iPhone, can be used as a personal handheld scanner. And it can save you a lot of time and expense, especially if you do research in rare book collections and archives. This guide covers the issues that camera-weilding researchers might encounter in using cameras as research tools, either in a library or archives or in the field.
The librarians at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have created a very nice guide for the Digital Historian Series on using digital cameras in archival research:
It presents excellent information on desired camera features, picture taking techniques, file organization strategies, backup practices, computer software, articles, and links to further information. One particularly useful feature it offers is a worksheet for keeping records on what you photograph, which you can adapt for your own use:
Organization page (left column)
Taking a Byte Out of the Archives: Making Technology Work for You" Perspectives (American Historical Association) Jan. 2005., , , and "