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MEDVL 1101-106: Gods and Kings in the Middle Ages and Beyond (Fall 2017): Encyclopedias

A guide to library research


Reference sources are great for:

choosing a topic
educating yourself quickly
perspective on a topic
variant spellings, vocabulary, terminology

Cambridge Histories

Cambridge Histories Online

Excellent resource. Full text. Chapters as pdfs. Extremely high quality essays with rich footnotes and bibliography.

Selected Reference Sources


Specialized Scholarly Subject Encyclopedias: Middle Ages & Renaissance

Specialized Scholarly Subject Encyclopedias: Antiquity, the Bible, etc.


Less specialized but superior to Wikipedia on most topics & disciplines:

Gale virtual reference library

Sage Knowledge

Oxford Reference