In New York, small towns are defined as census county divisions (CCDs) or minor civil divisions (mcds).
Open Social Explorer. Go to TABLES (across the top). Scroll down to open the link for the 1980 census.
Under List Geographies, click the link to "Show all Geography Types."
Under County, select Minor Civil Division/Census County Division.
2000 -- A brief questionnaire is sent to every household. A longer, more detailed questionnaire is sent to 1-in-6 households.
SF 1 -- Data is from the short list of questions asked of every household
SF 3 -- Data is from a much longer, more detailed, list of questions asked of 1-in-6 households, e.g., sample data
Very small towns can often be found under .....County Subdivision.
2010 -- A brief questionnaire is sent to every household. More detailed data is available from the American Community Survey (ACS). The ACS is a continuous, "rolling" survey of 1-in-8 households. Data is released in 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year estimates.
SF 1-- Data is from a short list of questions asked of every household
ACS (American Community Data) Sample Data: ACS 1-year estimates, ACS 3-year estimates, ACS 5-year estimates
*Use the 2008-2012 5 year ACS. This data set provides the results of surveys conducted during the timeframe Jan. 2008 through Dec. 2012 (60 months) and centers on July 2010.
The 2010 census is very different from the 2000 census. In 2000, and a number of earlier censuses, there was a short-form that went out to every household (SF 1), and a much longer form that went out to 1-in-6 households (SF 3). Beginning in 2010, the census includes only the short-form questions. The American Community Survey was designed to replace the long-form.
Beginning in 2010, the census questionnaire only asks age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino origin, relationship, housing tenure (owner- and renter-occupied housing units). The Census Bureau now collects the additional characteristics -- such as occupation, travel-to-work, income, poverty, etc.-- only through the American Community Survey.
Here's the statement from the census bureau FAQs:
"..the 2010 Census data products contain data derived from the short-form census questionnaire: age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino origin, relationship, housing tenure (owner- and renter-occupied housing units) as opposed to more characteristics captured from the long-form in the past census. Current data on the traditional census long-form subjects are available from the American Community Survey."
NOTE: The library does not have print volumes of the 2010 census from the Government Printing Office. According to the Census Bureau...
The 2010 Census data will be disseminated mainly through American FactFinder beginning in January of 2011. Visit American Factfinder on the Census Bureau's website (click on the American FactFinder link on the left side of the page). Data will include demographic profiles, summary files of aggregated data, and reports. Data also will be available on DVD and in printed reports.