"How many languages are spoken natively in Europe? This is a seemingly easy question, but it is not really easy to answer: the exact number of languages spoken in Europe varies depending on how one defines Europe, and there is no universal agreement on how Europe should be delineated (see Stolz 2006 for detailed discussion). Should one take it as a geographical, a political, a historical, or a cultural entity? Should one trace a borderline north or south of the Caucasus? Since there are some forty languages spoken in the Caucasus, this is not a trivial issue." (chapter 1)
by ed. Jeffrey T. Checkel and Peter J. Katzenstein
Call Number: Olin Library JN30 .E847 2009
"Why are hopes fading for a single European identity? Economic integration has advanced faster and further than predicted, yet the European sense of 'who we are' is fragmenting. Exploiting decades of permissive consensus, Europe's elites designed and completed the single market, the euro, the Schengen passport-free zone, and crafted a policy of enlargement. At the same time, these attempts to de-politicize politics, to create Europe by stealth, have produced a political backlash. This ambitious survey of identity in Europe captures the experiences of the winners and losers, optimists and pessimists, movers and stayers in a Europe where spatial and cultural borders are becoming ever more permeable. A full understanding of Europe's ambivalence, refracted through its multiple identities, lies at the intersection of competing European political projects and social processes."
A Community of Europeans? Transnational Identities and Public Spheres
by Thomas Risse
Call Number: Olin HM753 .R57 2010
The author argues that issues of European identity, community, and democracy have assumed center stage in EU politics. He presents and evaluates the emerging knowledge about European identity from a variety of disciplinary and methodological approaches. According to Risse Europeans do not lack a sense of community; Europeanization off public spheres can be observed; there are two "Europes": one with modern democratic and humanistic values, and the other -- nationalist, xenophobic, and racist.
The Atlas of European Values
by Loek Halman; Inge Josephina Petra Sieben; Marga van Zundert
"Who are the Europeans? How do they think about life after death, work, sex, euthanasia, immigration or freedom? What traditions do they cherish, and which modern values gain ground? This second Atlas of European Values summarizes the beliefs of Europeans in almost two hundred informative graphs, charts and maps.This Atlas is the result of the European Values Study, a research project that has measured values and beliefs throughout Europe since the 1980s. Today, the study spans a full generation, revealing value changes on topics such as homosexuality and working moms, but also demonstrating firm European traditions in democracy and rejection of bribes.The unique Atlas of European Values covers all European nations from Iceland to Turkey, and from Portugal to Russia. It graphically illustrates the rich diversity of values and beliefs of the more than 800 million Europeans living inside and outside the European Union today."