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U.S. Government Documents: Bills & Resolutions

Created by Fred Muratori

Bills

Bills -- also called measures -- are introduced into Congress by legislators to enact new laws or amend existing laws. They are cited by number using the abbreviations H.R. for House of Representatives and S. for Senate. See How Our Laws Are Made for an outline of the legislative process.

Numerical lists of all bills and resolutions proposed in any given session can be found in the index volume of the Congressional Record for that session, as well as in that session's House and Senate Journals.

Full-text online:

CoverageNetworked Resource
1989 (101st) - present Congressional Publications (ProQuest)
1993 (103rd) - present FDsys
1993 (103rd) - present Thomas

 

Print/Microform Locations

 

CoverageHouse/SenateLibrary Location
1973 (93rd) - 2002 (107th) House Olin Lower Level; microfiche 230
Senate Olin Lower Level; microfiche 232
1943 (78th) - 1972 (92nd) House Olin J 50 H1+
Senate Olin J 50 S1+
1933 (73rd) - 1942 (77th) House Olin Lower Level; microfiche 230
Senate Olin Lower Level; microfiche 232
1899 (56th) - 1933 (72nd) both Olin Lower Level; microfilm 1100-1105
1789 (1st) - 1899 (55th) House Olin Lower Level; microfilm 1100-1105
Senate Olin Lower Level; microfilm 1100


*Also, some scattered bills for this period appear in various books and microforms, such as:

Anti-lynching bills introduced in Congress from 1934-1939. Africana Library Reserve, Film 6.
Bills Relating to Agriculture. Introduced at the first session of the 68th Congress. Library Annex HD 185 A2

A number of books contain the texts of bills from this period that address specific topics. Try searching the catalog using the word "bills" limited to title, combined with appropriate keywords.

Resolutions

There are three types of resolutions:

  • Simple resolutions are housekeeping measures considered by and affecting only one chamber of Congress. Designated by the abbreviations H. Res. (House) and S.Res (Senate), these do not become law.

     

  • Concurrent resolutions deal with internal matters of both chambers. Abbreviated as H. Con. Res. (House) and S. Con. Res. (Senate), these must be passed by both chambers, but do not become law.

     

  • Joint resolutions are used for limited matters such as commemorative holidays. They are signed by the President and do have the force of law. They are abbreviated as H. J. Res. (House) and S.J. Res. (Senate). Joint resolutions can also be used to propose amendments to the Constitution.

Full-text online:

CoverageNetworked Resource
1989 (101st) - present Congressional Publications (ProQuest)
1993 (103rd) - present FDsys
1993 (103rd) - present Thomas

 

Print/Microform Locations

 

CoverageHouse/SenateTypeLibrary Location
1933 (73rd) - 1942 (77th) House simple Olin Lower Level; microfiche 238
1943 (78th) - 1972 (92nd) House simple print; OLIN J50 H2+
1973 (93rd) - 1999 (106th) House simple Olin Lower Level; microfiche 238
1973 (93rd) - 1998 (105th) House joint Lower Level; microfiche 236
1943 (78th) - 1972 (92nd) House joint print; OLIN J50 H4+
1933 (73rd) - 1942 (77th) House joint Lower Level; microfiche 236
1839 (26th) - 1933 (72nd)
1825 (19th) - 1829 (20th)
House joint Lower Level; Film 1104
1973 (93rd) - 1998 (105th) House concurrent Lower Level; microfiche 235
1943 (78th) - 1972 (92nd) House concurrent print; OLIN J50 H3+
1933 (73rd) - 1942 (77th) House concurrent Lower Level; microfiche 235
1895 (54th) - 1933 (72nd)
1855 (34th) - 1863 (37th)
1823 (18th) - 1839 (25th)
1789/91 (1st)
House simple
concurrent
Lower Level; Film 1105
1973 (93rd) - 1998 (105th) Senate simple Olin Lower Level; microfiche 233
1943 (78th) - 1972 (92nd) Senate simple print; OLIN J50 S2+
1933 (73rd) - 1942 (77th) Senate simple Olin Lower Level; microfiche 233
1973 (93rd) - 1998 (105th) Senate concurrent Lower Level; microfiche 234
1943 (78th) - 1972 (92nd) Senate concurrent print; OLIN J50 S3+
1933 (73rd) - 1942 (77th) Senate concurrent Lower Level; microfiche 234
1973 (93rd) - 1998 (105th) Senate joint Lower Level; microfiche 237
1943 (78th) - 1972 (92nd) Senate joint print; OLIN J50 S4+
1933 (73rd) - 1942 (77th) Senate joint Lower Level; microfiche 237
1839 (26th) - 1933 (72nd)
1833/34 (23rd)
Senate joint Lower Level; Film 1101

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