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AEM 1200 (Summer): Citing Sources

An intensive three-week course

Citing Sources

Q1.  Which sources should I cite?

Any sources that you use!  It is against the academic code of conduct to use resources without citing them.

Q2. How do I cite in APA?

You will be most frequently citing either a research database or a website. Use the following examples to base your citation style. It is not difficult!

Citing a Library subscription database
Colvin, G. (2008, July 21). Information worth billions. Fortune, 158(2), 73-79. Retrieved from Business Source Premier database.

In-text citing for the report, ensure that you cite the Colvin(2008) or (Colvin, 2008) whenever you are citing your sources.

In a recent article published in Fortune, the information was worth billions (Colvin, 2008)

Citing a website
Arrington, M. (2008, August 5). The viral video guy gets $1 million in funding. Retrieved from

Similarly, example for in-text citing: According to Arrington (2008), viral video producers are receiving funding....

National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2008). Biofuels. Retrieved May 6, 2008, from

For more Examples and other types of sources
The library has an electronic guide to citing sources. Refer to the on-line APA style guide.

General Requirements

All assignments should have both a Works cited list, and In-text citations.  Both are important, but serve a different purpose.  The works cited list is a comprehensive list of the resources used in the assignment.  In-text citations tell the reader which resource(s) are responsible for specific data or information that you are using.  Here are a few highlights of what we're looking for and why.  

Works Cited List:

  • All resources used to complete the assignment should be listed here. - This gives the reader a comprehensive resource list, should they want to do additional research on your topic.
  • The list should be alphabetical by author - this is so the reader can quickly search through the works cited page for a citation used in the text
  • All citations that come from online sources should indicate the URL or database the source came from.  Either is acceptable, just remain consistant.  (e.g. Retrieved from Business Source Complete;   Retrieved from - This is so the reader can track down the resources you used for their own research.
  • If you use URLs, they should not be extremely long.  If they are, simply use the base part of the URL.  For Example: use ,
    do NOT use 
    This is because URLs can change over time and also because it is usually easier to find a source from the base URL than it is to type out a long URL.  In addition, full database URLs will often be blocked anyway due to access restrictions.

In-Text Citations

  • In-text citations should be (Author, Year).  When an author is not available, they should be (Title, Year).  The first thing mentioned in the In-text citation should match the first thing mentioned in the Works Cited List.  This is so the reader can scan the first line of the alphabetical Works Cited List to find the full citation.
  • Every sentence, chart, image or graph that was not completely your own data, thoughts or analysis should have a citation attached to it.  This is because copyright requires writers to give credit to original authors for any information that is not their own.
  • If two subsequent sentences come from the same source, both should have a citation.  This is because the reader cannot assume that any sentence without a citation should be attributed to one source over another.
  • When in doubt, always include a citation! 

Subject Guide

Tom Ottaviano's picture
Tom Ottaviano