If you are a member of a professional organization, chances are that it produces a list of fellowships and awards. Usually, you need your member number to login.
Social sciences example: the APA's list of scholarships, grants, and awards (does not require login)
Professional organizations also usually sponsor fellowships (especially for research) and awards (especially for travel, including travel to their conferences).
American Council of Learned Societies Fellowships (includes some opportunities for non-US citizens)
National Science Foundation (see right hand column-->)
Essential Database of Information: Grant Forward
Foundation Directory Online Helpful for finding general information about fellowships offered by private foundations.
Also in print: AS 911.A2 F77 (current edition in Olin Library Reference)
Other Funding Resources
American Philosophical Society.http://www.amphilsoc.org/grants
American Association of University Women. http://www.aauw.org/tag/fellowships-and-grants/ (good source of information on opportunities for studying gender issues)
American Historical Association.http://www.historians.org/prizes/Grants.htm
Federal Funding Agencies: http://www.osp.cornell.edu/GovtRelLinks/FedAgencies.html
Scientific Grants & Funding: http://sciencecareers.sciencemag.org/funding (Grantsnet.org)
National Institutes of Health.http://grants.nih.gov/grants/oer.htm
National Endowment for the Humanities.http://www.neh.gov/grants/grants.html
Research councils UK office http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/pages/home.aspx
IREX - international research & exchanges board projects, including fellowships: http://www.irex.org/projects
ResearchResearch - ResearchResearch (London, UK) requires a paid subscription, but it does provide a venue for researchers looking for international funding options.
The National Science Foundation supports DDIGS (Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grants) in the following areas:
*note: all NSF dissertation proposals must go through Cornell's Office of Sponsored Funding
Cultural Anthropology : example of grant announcements
Do you live off-campus? Do you contemplate needing to use databases while traveling? Are you having difficulty getting access to licensed library resouces? (i.e. databases, e-books, your library account)?
If so, try using PassKey. PassKey is a "bookmarklet" designed to give Cornell community members access to licensed library resources while they are away from campus.