Skip to main content

Geolytics--Census Information in a New Package: 1970 Census

Geolytics provides repackaged census data from the 1970, 1980, 1990 and 2000 censuses. Data extraction is by menu choices. Creates thematic choropleth maps as images, reports in dbase (or text) format. Boundaries and data can be exported as shapefiles.


CensusCD 1970 is the only product to provide access to the results of the 1970 US Census down to the tract/BNA level in electronic format. CensusCD 1970 contains 6 geographic summarization levels, the total number of each level is in parentheses: Nation (1) State (51) County (3,137) Tract/BNA (46,728) Place (22,529) MCD/CCD (35,195)

Over 8,500 demographics and geographic identifiers exist for every geographic area. The counts (variables) are divided into 3 groups: geographic identifiers, population counts, and housing counts.

1970 Boundaries:
1970 Boundaries were created by GeoLytics for tract, State, and County. These boundaries were built from the 1970 tract Urban Atlas project. These data were digitized from the 1970 tract maps back in 1975. They represent the first digital set of boundary files ever created. The state, region, and division boundaries were taken from 1980 boundaries, since little or no changes occurred at these levels. Boundaries for 1970 Places and MCD’s were not included because spatial definitions for these areas were not available.

1970 data is sometimes suppressed by the US Census Bureau to protect confidentiality. Data is suppressed if its universe does not meet certain pre-established thresholds. These thresholds are usually between 5 and 15. For example, if the white population in a geographic area is less than 15, the demographics for white population will be suppressed. Smaller geographic areas are more likely to have suppressed data than larger. No data is suppressed at the state level.

Changes Between the 1970 and 1980 Census:
Geographic areas from the county level and up have changed very little between the 1980 and 1970 census. But in areas below the county level (MCD, place, and tract), significant changes may have occurred, such as tract and place splits. Tracts do not cover 100% of the geographic areas in 1970, or even in 1980, as they do in 1990 and 2000. Tracts in 1970 are found mainly in urban areas. To protect confidentiality in 1990, data was imputed. Before 1990 data was suppressed to protect confidentiality.

Using the Disks

If you want an overview of an area,  select the Geographic Area you want and Run a Snapshot report. If you want more targeted information than is in the Snapshot report, use Counts to select the 1970 demographics you want and Run a Summary report.

Export map boundaries:
Run a map of the area and subarea you want. In the map viewer select file/export. You can export boundaries in Arc View Shape format or MapInfo MID/MIF format. Water can be clipped off by un-selecting view/water.

Export the file data into other systems like statistical (e.g. SAS, SPSS), database (e.g. Access, Oracle), spreadsheet (e.g. Excel, 1-2-3), or mapping (e.g. Arc View, MapInfo) packages.

Web Accessibility Assistance