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North Korea: Introductory Sources: Home

Symbols

   

The design of the flag dates from 1948.  Blue stripes indicate sovereignty and peace; red stands for the revolution and struggle for the establishment of socialism; white -- a traditional Korean symbolic color -- stands for purity and dignity of the nation and its ideals.  The star symbolizes the Korean Worker's Party and the building of socialism.

Originally designed in 1948, the seal has undergone some revisions until this official version in 1993.  It shows the red star of the revolution shining over Mt. Paektu, the Sup'ung Dam, power lines and a hydroelectric plant, and sheaves of wheat.  The inscription is "Democratic People's Republic of Korea."

Definitions -- DPRK Terminology

Juche calendar:  Years are counted from 1911 (year one), when Kim Il-Sung was conceived.  2015 is Juche 104.  On North Korean news web sites for example, a sample date would be August 5, Juche 104. http://www.nk-news.net/extras/juche_era.php

Pyongyang Time:  Recently the DPRK decided to mark the 70th anniversary of the defeat of the Japanese in WWII  by changing its time zone by 30 minutes starting August 15.  According to news source Rodong Sinmun (8/8/15), "It was on August 15 when President Kim Il Sung, benefactor of national resurrection and peerless patriot, crushed the brigandish Japanese imperialists by making long journeys of anti-Japanese bloody battles and liberated Korea."  Japan had set the time zone to coincide with theirs at 9 hours ahead of GMT; North Korea's will be 1/2 earlier, at 8.5.  

Juche:  North Korea's central ideology and official guiding principle, developed by Kim Il Sung, emphasizing self-reliance, independence, and the belief of the people in themselves (with the guidance of the leader) and man as the center rather than a supreme religious power. http://naenara.com.kp/en/great/guid.php

Songun:  "Songun politics is a mode of politics that defends the country, the revolution and socialism and dynamically pushes ahead with the overall socialist construction by giving top priority to military affairs and by dint of the revolutionary mettle and combat capabilities of the People’s Army."   http://naenara.com.kp/en/great/guid.php?2

Chollima speed:   Chollima was an ancient mythical steed, the "thousand-ri horse"  who could rapidly cover great distances.  Begun in 1956, the Chollima Movement -- "Chollima speed"-- became a byword for achieving the fastest possible construction and economic production.  http://thenorthkoreablog.com/2012/10/02/chollima/

Songbun:  A social classification scheme developed by Kim Il Sung in the 1950's but continues to evolve.  It organized the populace into groups that determined where they could live, work, and what type of education they would receive.  Ancestry and [parents/grandparents] actions during the Japanese Occupation and the Korean War were very important. With generations becoming further removed from that era, other attributes can help or hinder one's social songbun.  http://www.nknews.org/2015/02/songbun-and-the-five-castes-of-north-korea/

Kangsongdaeguk  (Kangsong Taeguk):  KIm Jong-Il's concept announced in 1998 has as its theme a "powerful and prosperous country" focusing on ideology, politics, the military, and the economy.  http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/dprk/kangsong-taeguk.htm

Brief Background Info on North Korea

Books in the stacks

Other Reference Sources

Asia Reference

Carole Atkinson
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