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How to Cite US Government Documents in MLA, APA Citation Style: Executive Documents -- Presidential Papers, Proclamations and Executive Orders

Presidential Papers, Proclamations and Executive Orders

Executive Orders in the United State Code:

The Publication Manual of the APA, directs writers to reference the Executive Order by number, followed by its place in Title 3 of the Code of Federal Regulations, and where it has been reprinted in the United States Code. (2010, p. 223)

Exec. Order No. 13231, 3 C.F.R. 805 (2002), reprinted as amended in 6 U.S.C. §121 at 17 (2002).

If the order has not yet appeared in the U.S.C, writers are advised to cite to the United States Code Service.*

Exec. Order. No. 13492,  3 C.F.R 203 (2010), reprinted in 10 U.S.C.S. §  801.

*Note: The United States Code Service is available by subscription in many academic and law libraries via LexisNexis. Citing to the USCS may not be practical for all students. See citing to the Federal Register below.

Citing Executive Orders as first published in the Federal Register:

If the Executive Order has not yet appeared in the USC or USCS, follow the The Bluebook rule for citing to the Federal Register.  (2010, 223-224)

Exex. Order No. 13648, 78 Fed. Reg. 129 (July 5, 2013).

Proclamations:

The Publication Manual of the APA does not include an example for Proclamations. The Bluebook directs writers to cite to the Code of Federal Regulations (Title 3) or to the Federal Register if the material is not in the C.F.R. (2010, 223-224)

Proclamation No. 8782, 3 C.F.R. 11 (2013).

Proclamation No. 8985, 78 F.R. 101 (May 24, 2013)

Public papers of the President

The Publication Manual of the APA does not address citing documents published in the Public Papers of the President.

The Bluebook directs writers to...

Cite to the Public Papers of the Presidents (Pub. Papers) if therein. For material not recorded in the Public Papers, cite the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents (Weekly Comp. Pres. Docs.) published from 1965 to January 29, 2009, the Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents (Daily Comp. Pres. Doc.), published from January 29, 2009 to date, or the U.S. Code Congressional and Administrative News (U.S.C.C.A.N.)

(The Bluebook, 2010, p. 224)

Note: Citing to USCCAN may not be practical for many students, however many academic libraries will have access to to the Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents (1965 - Janual 29, 2009) and the Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents (January 29, 2009 - )

Remarks Announcing Bipartisan Agreement on a Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces against Iraq, II Pub. Papers 1707 (October 2, 2002).

Remarks Announcing Bipartisan Agreement on a Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces against Iraq, 38 Weekly Comp. Pres. Doc. 1669 (October 2, 2002).