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How to Cite US Government Documents in MLA, APA Citation Style: Congressional Hearings

Congressional Hearings and Testimony

Citing the Hearing as a whole:
 
Reference list entry:
 
     Constitution and Campaign Reform: Hearings before the Committee on Rules and Administration, Senate, 106th Cong. 1 (2000).

In the example above, the "1" following 106th Cong. simply refers to "page 1 of the official pamphlet that was prepared for the hearing." (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 16-17)
 
In-text citation:
 
     Constitution and Campaign Reform (2000)

or,
     (Constitution and Campaign Reform, 2000)


Citing Testimony given at a hearing:

Reference list:

     Constitution and Campaign Reform: Hearings before the Committee on Rules and Administration, Senate, 106th Cong. 6 (2000) (Testimony of Ira Glasser).

In the example above, the "6" following 106th Cong. refers to the page number of the hearing.
 
In-text citation:
APA directs writers to reference the title of the hearing, not the name of the person giving testimony. (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 2010, p221).
 
     Constitution and Campaign Reform (2000)
or,
(Constitution and Campaign Reform, 2000)