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How to Cite US Government Documents in APA Citation Style: Congressional Hearings

Congressional Hearings and Testimony

Citing the Hearing as a whole:

Reference list entry:

Constitution and Campaign Reform: Hearings before the Committee on Rules and Administration, Senate, 106th Cong. 1 (2000).

In the example above, the "1" following 106th Cong. simply refers to "page 1 of the official pamphlet that was prepared for the hearing." (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 16-17)

In-text citation:

Constitution and Campaign Reform (2000) or (Constitution and Campaign Reform, 2000)

Citing Testimony given at a hearing:

Reference list:

Constitution and Campaign Reform: Hearings before the Committee on Rules and Administration, Senate, 106th Cong. 6 (2000) (Testimony of Ira Glasser).

In the example above, the "6" following 106th Cong. refers to the page number of the hearing.

In-text citation:

APA directs writers to reference the title of the hearing, not the name of the person giving testimony. [See: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 2010, p221].

Constitution and Campaign Reform (2000) or  (Constitution and Campaign Reform, 2000)

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